Glossary

Emergency Food Security Assessment (EFSA): Methodology to assess the impact of an emergency on the food security of households and communities in an affected area. Combines information from primary and secondary sources on livelihoods, food security, and nutritional security.WFP

Emergency health services: Qualified medical services offered in critical situations of imminent danger to a person's life and for which immediate action is required.PAHO

Emergency Relief Coordinator (ERC): The role of the UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and the Executive Committee on Humanitarian Affairs (ECHA) in coordinating the responses of the international humanitarian system.CERF

Emergency shelter: Temporary housing (shelters or construction of new houses) for survival during humanitarian crises or displacement that allows the restoration of personal security, self-reliance, and dignity.UNHCR

Emigration: The act of leaving one state for settling in another.IOM

Enforced disappearance: Arrest, detention, abduction or other forms of deprivation of liberty by agents of the State or private individuals with their authorization, support or acquiescence, followed by a refusal to acknowledge the deprivation of liberty or to conceal the fate or whereabouts of the disappeared person, which place such a person outside the protection of the law.OHCHR

Environmental damage: Adverse and measurable change of a natural resource, or the impairment of a natural resource service, whether it occurs directly or indirectly.LAW INSIDER

Environmental deforestation: It refers to the felling of a forest, eliminating it, to make room for something else in its place.WWF

Environmental degradation: Intense deterioration of the environment due to soil abuse, desertification, loss of biodiversity, deforestation, pollution, climate change, sea level rise, and ozone layer depletion.UNESCO

Environmental pollution: A combination of factors that degrade the environment. Includes activities of the chemical, agricultural and mining industries, deforestation, changing weather patterns and natural phenomena, sandstorms, and volcanic eruptions.UNEP