What is the analysis approach?
HumVenezuela's methodology addresses the assessment of the Complex Humanitarian Emergency (CHE) from a multidimensional approach with which an analysis model has been built that allows converting its main attributes or components into three layers and twelve dimensions set out in an interrelated and interdependent manner.
The multidimensional model serves as a common evaluation framework in which standardized categories and indicators are worked on to measure, assess, and examine magnitudes, incidences, and behaviors of the EHC based on the relationship and integration of a large amount of data from different sources of information with an interdisciplinary vision of diverse informed actors. This way of working aims to achieve a comprehensive and as complete as possible picture of the CHE in Venezuela.
The multidimensional approach is indispensable because this is a crisis of unstable and complex nature, with devastating effects on the undermining and collapse of the structures that sustain the basic capacities for the functioning of a society, causing extensive deprivation to a large part of the population and leaving the groups with greater vulnerabilities outside the scope of assessments, statistics and decision-making.
What layers does the model consider?
The profile of a CHE has three attributes or components that make it different from other crises, included in its own name.
The methodology makes them analytical layers for looking at the CHE in a variety of dimensions and from perspectives that cover various rights sectors, populations, and entities in the country. These levels are:
Impacts layer: refers to the crisis in its emergency condition and looks at its large-scale and severe impacts on people's lives and its depth in the fall or loss of internal capacities that produce humanitarian needs and leave gaps, voids or deficits in relation to the capacities that had been achieved.
Response layer: indicates that the emergency requires a humanitarian response of extraordinary and shared efforts among all national sectors with the support of the international community to protect the population and collaborate with the restitution of fallen capacities, strengthening both society and institutions.
Complexity layer: refers to the complex and unstable nature of the causes and circumstances in which an emergency arises due to the intervention of multiple adverse factors that can prevent or limit humanitarian response and delay the possibility of ending the crisis and directing efforts toward recovery and development.
CHE's Multidimensional Evaluation Model
Magnitude of the emergency by its levels of affectation to the population and national capacities
Affected population and people in humanitarian need
Persons who have suffered serious harm to their integrity and security
Gaps or deficits left by fallen national capacities
National capacities preserved to face the emergency
Effective reach of people to the assistance and protection requirements they need
Unrestricted access of people to the response wherever they are
Operational efficacy of the response based on the needs of the population
Protection of the rights of the affected persons, reached by the response
Response efforts to reduce gaps and strengthen local capacities
Presence of multiple adverse factors that limit, hinder or prevent society's ability to recover
Factors contributing to the opening or closing of humanitarian space
Factors that reduce or increase the risk of harm or threat to people
Factors that improve or worsen conditions to ensure rights
Factors that determine the permanence or exit of the emergency