Glossary

Cancer: Uncontrolled growth and spread of cells anywhere in the body that creates a pre-cancerous lesion and may progress to a malignant tumor. It results from genetic, physical, chemical, and/or biological carcinogens factors.WHO

Capacity: A combination of the strengths and resources available in a community, society, or organization that can reduce the level of risk or the effects of a crisis.RW

Capacity Building: Strengthening knowledge, skills, abilities, and resources to help individuals, communities, or organizations to achieve agreed-upon objectives.SPHERE

Capacity or purchasing power: The number of units of a currency required to purchase goods and services in the domestic market.CD

Carbohydrates: The main source of energy for health. In the diet, carbohydrates are found in the form of starches and different types of sugar.FAO

Cash for humanitarian programs (CBA): Cash-for-work programs (electronic, direct or voucher-based) to enable individuals, households or communities in humanitarian crises to access essential goods or services. Also called cash-based assistance (CBA).SPHERE

Catastrophe: Disaster of special magnitude requiring reconstruction actions.WHO

Catastrophe or Famine due to acute food insecurity: Phase 5 of the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC AFI). The affected households register extreme lack of food and other basic needs even with coping strategies. Starvation, death, and destitution are evident.WHO

Censure: Intervention in the content of any information, document, or any other form or means of expression and/or communication to prevent its publication, dissemination, and circulation.CD

Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF): UN Humanitarian Rapid Response Fund to provide humanitarian assistance in emergencies, through contributions from governments and the private sector. It also constitutes a reserve fund for humanitarian action.CERF