Glossary

Basic basket: It adds to the food basket other products and household goods such as clothing, transportation services, education and health.PAHO

Basic education: Set of activities designed to meet basic educational needs. It covers primary education (first stage) and the first cycle of secondary education (second stage).UNESCO

Basic learning needs: They cover the essential tools for learning (such as literacy, oral expression, numeracy, problem solving), and the basic learning content (knowledge and skills, values and attitudes) required by human beings to be able to survive, to develop their full capacities, to live and work in dignity, to participate fully in development, to improve the quality of their lives, to make informed decisions, and to continue learning.UNESCO

Basic medical supplies: Implements and materials for health procedures, such as: gauze, bandages, sutures, soap, gloves, masks, serums, injection or syringe machines, scalpel, tubes, valves, probes, solutions, catheters, cannulas, among others.   BIS

Basic sanitation: Lowest cost technology that allows hygienic disposal of excreta and wastewater to have a clean and healthy environment both at home and in the vicinity of users. Access to basic sanitation includes security and privacy in the use of these services. Safe excreta management includes the collection, emptying, transport, treatment, and disposal or reuse.WHO

Basic services: Services carried out to satisfy the basic needs of the population that the State must guarantee in the supply of drinking water, sanitation, electricity, domestic gas, public transport, telecommunications, among others.UNICEF

Best form of sanitation: A facility designed to hygienically separate excreta from human contact. It must meet the basic criterion of a safely managed sanitation service. It should not be shared with other households. The excreta produced must be treated and disposed of on-site. They can be temporarily stored and then emptied, transported, and treated in an outside facility. They can also be transported through a sewerage network with wastewater and then treated in external facilities. The best sources of sanitation can be the connection to public sewers, connection to septic systems, siphon latrine, single pit latrine, pit latrine with improved ventilation.UNICEF

Best water source: A facility that provides potable water meeting three criteria: accessibility to the home, availability when required, and being protected from contaminants either by intervention or by its design and construction. The best sources of water can be the home connection, the public fountain, the borehole, the protected dug well, the protected spring, or spring and even rainwater.UNICEF

Bottled water: Packaged water for consumption in various types of containers (cans, laminated materials boxes, plastic bags, as well as ice ready to be consumed). The most common types of packaging are glass or plastic bottles.WHO

Breastfeeding (nursing): The act of feeding breast milk to provide young children with the nutrients they need for healthy growth and development.WHO