Glossary

Abortion: Interruption of pregnancy, either spontaneous or induced, that concludes with the expulsion of the fetus through the vaginal canal.WHO

Abuse of power: An offense committed by an authority or official misuses the powers that have been conferred on it.UNTERM

Access to drinking water: Standard of the right to water by guaranteeing that the source of water is less than 1-kilometer away from the place of use, and at least 20 liters per day can be reliably obtained for each member of the family.WHO

Access to food: Guaranteed right to food standard when households can purchase adequate amounts of food, depending on food production, distribution and prices, and household income.WFP

Accountability: Obligation to proceed according to agreed rules, to be accountable for the decisions taken, and to take responsibility for the commitments. It involves demonstrating that mandates have been met and providing fair and accurate management reports.SPHERE

Acute food insecurity: Serious food insecurity that threatens people's lives and/or livelihoods. International agencies use the Integrated Phase Food Security Classification (IPC) to measure acute food insecurity in five phases: (1) Minimal / None, (2) Stressed, (3) Crisis, (4) Emergency, (5) Disaster /Famine.IPC

Acute food insecurity crisis: Phase 3 of the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC AFI). Affected households have significant food consumption gaps with high acute malnutrition or are barely able to meet minimum food needs and only with accelerated livelihood depletion.IPC

Acute food insecurity emergency: Phase 4 of the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC AFI). Affected households have significant food consumption gaps that lead to high acute malnutrition or excess mortality. They may also show extreme loss of livelihoods leading to large short-term food consumption gaps.IPC

Acute or moderate acute malnutrition: Inadequate weight for height associated with recent periods of hunger or illness, also called wasting.AAH

Adolescent pregnancy: Teenage pregnancy between 10 and 19 years old. Complications during pregnancy and childbirth are the leading causes of death for adolescents aged 15-19 worldwide.WHO