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REPORT | UNHCR: Venezuela Situation – Fact Sheet: March 2023

United Nations High Commissioner for the Refugees (UNHCR) | Venezuela | March 8, 2023

The situation of refugees and migrants from Venezuela remains one of the largest displacements in the world. To date, over 7.1 million have left their homes, of which more than 6 million are in the Americas, according to R4V.

Over 211,000 have been recognized as refugees, and over a million have submitted asylum claims worldwide.

About 4.2 million residence and legal stay permits have been granted to Venezuelans since 2014.
In support of receiving States, UNHCR improves reception conditions, promotes access to asylum, mitigates protection risks, provides access to basic services, and advocates for legal stay and inclusion.


Venezuelans continue to depart from the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (hereafter Venezuela), with persistent situations of cross-border displacement now aggravated by onward movements from host countries, often in an irregular manner and through perilous journeys.

Many Venezuelan refugees and migrants are at risk of arbitrary evictions, homelessness or having to resort to negative coping mechanisms, including survival sex.

Many Venezuelans who may need international protection have not had access to fair and efficient asylum procedures.

This situation continues to prevent their access to socioeconomic rights, including formal employment and social inclusion programmes, further exposing them to labour exploitation and abuse, in addition to arbitrary detention, deportation and other protection risks.

To download the full factsheet, please click here.