Chronology

Chronology of the most relevant events of the national and international response to the Complex Humanitarian Emergency in Venezuela since 2016.

2016

May

OAS Secretary-General presents a report on Venezuela in which he points out the simultaneous concurrence of multiple political, economic, social, and humanitarian crises.

UN Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon, defines the situation in Venezuela as a humanitarian crisis due to political instability, stating that basic needs, such as food, water, sanitation, and clothing, cannot be covered.

August

September

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights expresses to the Human Rights Council high concern over the deterioration of civil and political rights in Venezuela, an increase in generalized hunger and a serious deterioration in health services.

ACAPS incorporates Venezuela for the first time into the global crisis landscape, indicating that its economic crisis worsened dramatically with the risk of worsening the humanitarian, political, economic, social, and humanitarian crisis.

November

2017

May

UN Secretary-General, António Guterres, expresses support
to facilitate ways to resolve the political crisis in Venezuela and find solutions to the issues that affect the Venezuelan people in the social, economic, and health fields.

OCHA sends Disaster Response Adviser to Venezuela to manage information on the growing vulnerabilities in health, nutrition and security, which affect the majority of the population.

WFP notes in the 2017 Global Food Crisis Report that Venezuela’s situation should be monitored for the economic downturn that could cause severe food and medicine shortages.

August
December

IACHR publishes its third Country Report on Venezuela due to the serious deterioration of human rights and the serious political, economic, and social crisis in the country, which deepened and intensified between 2015 and 2017.

2018

January

UNICEF warns of the signs of crisis in Venezuela as child malnutrition increases due to the prolonged economic crisis and urges a coordinated national response to attend to the most vulnerable children due to lack of medical assistance, food and medicine.

A group of UN experts points out that the Venezuelan population suffers multiple violations of their human rights, and they urge the Venezuelan government to face the alarming living conditions in the country and the international community, support measures that prevent a tragedy of great proportions.

February
March

WFP warns that the humanitarian situation in Venezuela is catastrophic, highlighting that thousands of Venezuelans have crossed borders into neighboring countries and that it is necessary to separate humanitarian aid from any political connotation.

UNHCR issues Guidance Note on the Flow of Venezuelans in which it urges the receiving and host States to allow Venezuelans access to their territories and to continue adopting appropriate responses under international protection frameworks.

UNHCR and IOM create Regional Inter-agency Coordination Platform (R4V) in response to refugees and migrants from Venezuela with protection, assistance, and integration needs in the recipient countries of Latin America and the Caribbean.

April
May

The UN approves for the first time
emergency funds to address the needs and vulnerabilities of refugees and migrants from Venezuela, due to the political, human rights, and socio-economic crisis in the country.

Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights publishes a new report on Venezuela, “Human rights violations in Venezuela: a downward spiral that does not seem to have an end.” RV4 publishes Regional Refugee and Migrant Response Plan in Venezuela 2019

PAHO Director makes high-level visit to Venezuela and presents first report on response to an effective technical cooperation agenda in Venezuela and neighboring member states.

June
August

ACAPS changes Venezuela’s category from “country with access restrictions” to “inaccessible country” as the government does not recognize the scale of humanitarian needs nor does it allow most humanitarian agencies to assist in the country.

Human Rights Council issues Resolution 39/50 on serious human rights violations in an economic, political, social, and humanitarian crisis and asks OHCHR for a comprehensive report on the situation of human rights in Venezuela.

WHO’s Global Fund for HIV, Tuberculosis and Malaria donates 5 million dollars to alleviate the gaps in treatments, reagents and laboratory equipment, based on a Master Plan coordinated with the government and civil society organizations.

September
December

Venezuela enters OCHA’s 2019 Global Humanitarian Plan for the first time, stating that Venezuelan migration is listed as “the largest exodus experienced in Latin America and the Caribbean in its modern history” with more than 3.4 million refugees and migrants.

2019

February

Resident Coordinator of the UN, installs in Venezuela with OCHA’s support a Coordination Team for Cooperation and Assistance (ECCA) within the framework of an escalation of operations in the country, activating 8 Thematic Clusters of the Humanitarian Response Architecture.

President of the IFRC announces that he will have unrestricted access to humanitarian aid in Venezuela to support the expansion of medical care and other assistance from the Venezuelan Red Cross.

FAO includes Venezuela in the list of countries that require foreign assistance due to a general lack of access to food due to a serious and prolonged economic crisis, a notable increase in refugees and migrants, and a cereal production well below the average standard.

March
April

UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief presents a
summary on the humanitarian situation in Venezuela before the UN Security Council.

The first shipment of humanitarian assistance donated by the IFRC for the public health system arrives in Venezuela with 24 tons of medicines for emergencies, 14 power plants, 14 transformers, and cans for water.

Resident Coordinator of the UN in Venezuela is appointed Humanitarian Coordinator to lead the humanitarian response coordinated by the United Nations and a Humanitarian Country Team (EHP) is activated to replace the ECCA, following the Humanitarian Response Architecture.

May
June

OCHA publishes the first Humanitarian Response Plan for July-December 2019, prepared by the EHP based on the unpublished March 2019 Needs Panorama, which estimated 7 million people with acute humanitarian needs under a complex context.

UNHCR announces that the number of refugees and migrants from Venezuela rose from 695,000 to more than 4 million between 2015 and June 2019 to Colombia, Peru, Chile, Ecuador, Argentina, Brazil and countries in Central America and the Caribbean.

High Commissioner for Human Rights of the UN visits Venezuela. A team from her office settles in the country following an agreement to provide technical assistance and monitor human rights on the ground.

High Commissioner for Human Rights of the UN, presents her first report on the situation of human rights in Venezuela with urgent calls to the Venezuelan government to remedy serious violations of civil and political rights and guarantee economic and social rights.

July
August

The UN Human Rights Council issues Resolution 42/25 on serious and systematic violations in Venezuela that affect all human rights in the country’s political, economic, social, and humanitarian crisis, extending the mandate to OHCHR to present reports and establishing a Mission International Independent Fact-Finding.

UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Relief Coordinator visits Venezuela and publishes a statement on the humanitarian situation in the country: “…Millions of people cannot access the minimum amount of food, water, and medical attention”.

November
December

Venezuela enters OCHA’s Global Humanitarian Plan 2020 for the second time with a call for funds for 750 million dollars to serve 3.5 million people with humanitarian needs in the country, from an estimated 7 million in March 2019.

2020

February

PMA publica evaluación de seguridad alimentaria en Venezuela con datos recolectados entre julio-septiembre de 2019, estimando 9,3 millones de personas con necesidades de asistencia.

The Government of Venezuela declares a State of Alarm for the Covid-19 pandemic, among the consecutive States of Exception since 2016, and requests support from the UN to combat and control the epidemic.

Venezuela is included in the World Food Crisis Report as the fourth largest food crisis in the world
among the ten largest, after being one year on the list of countries with considerable foreign assistance needs in food.

March
June

Representatives of the Government and the National Assembly sign a collaboration agreement with the aim of jointly fighting against COVID-19.

OCHA publishes the second Humanitarian Country Plan, 2020 with a Panorama of Humanitarian Needs, to serve 4.5 million people with humanitarian needs out of an estimated 7 million in 2019.

July
December

IRC includes Venezuela in the 20 most devastating humanitarian crises in the world for 2021 on its
Emergency Watch List, due to the triple effect of Covid-19, climate change and humanitarian emergency.

Venezuela once again enters the
OCHA Global Humanitarian Plan 2021 with a call for funds for 762.5 million dollars to serve 4.6 million people with humanitarian needs in the country, out of an estimated 7 million in 2019, and another 7 million refugees in the region.

2021

January

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights,UNAIDS, and UN Secretary-General demands the immediate release of members of the NGO Azul Positivo, illegally deprived of their liberty for alleged crimes when implementing a food security program in affected populations of the state Zulia, with funds from UN agencies and international partners.

The UN suspends the cash transfer programs temporarily, as a result of the illegitimate deprivation of liberty of the members of Azul Positivo, until the conditions to continue with the implementation of these programs in Venezuela are reviewed.